Image of Dr. Benjamin Rush

Timeline

Lifetime: 1746 - 1813 Passed: ≈ 210 years ago

Title

Physician, Politician, Social Reformer, Humanitarian, Educator

Country/Nationality

United States
Wikipedia

Dr. Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush was an American revolutionary, a Founding Father of the United States and signatory to the U.S. Declaration of Independence, and a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, educator, and the founder of Dickinson College. Rush was a Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress. He later described his efforts in support of the American Revolution, saying: "He aimed right."

What were his principles?

Rush was a firm believer in the importance of education and social reform. He was also a strong advocate for the abolition of slavery and the rights of women. His principles were based on the belief that all people are created equal and that they have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

What was he famous for?

Rush was famous for his work as a physician and social reformer. He was also a signatory to the U.S. Declaration of Independence, and he served as a Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress. Rush was a pioneer in the field of medicine, and he is credited with introducing the use of vaccination against smallpox in the United States. He was also a strong advocate for the humane treatment of prisoners and the mentally ill.

His notable works:

  • Medical Inquiries and Observations upon the Diseases of the Mind (1812)
  • A Plan for the Establishment of Public Schools in Pennsylvania (1786)
  • Thoughts on Female Education (1787)
  • An Address to the Inhabitants of the British Settlements in America, upon Slave-keeping (1773)

His philosophy:

Rush's philosophy was based on the belief that all people are created equal and that they have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. He believed that education was essential for the development of a free and just society. He also believed that social reform was necessary to create a more equitable society.

When did he die & how is he remembered?

Rush died on April 19, 1813, at the age of 67. He is remembered as a Founding Father of the United States, a physician, a social reformer, and a humanitarian. He is also remembered for his work in the field of medicine, and he is credited with introducing the use of vaccination against smallpox in the United States.

Books by Dr. Benjamin Rush

An Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits upon the Human Body and Mind, with an Account of the Means of Preventing, and of the Remedies for Curing Them Cover image

An Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits upon the Human Body and Mind, with an Account of the Means of Preventing, and of the Remedies for Curing Them

Essays Science
Injury Spirit Judgement Death Social Science Culture Short Works Anthropology Human Mind Medical Alcoholism Accident

Alcohol abuse has been a problem for centuries, and Dr. Benjamin Rush was one of the first to sound the alarm about its dangers. In An Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits, Rush provides a comprehensive overview of the effects of alcohol on th...