Image of Friedrich Engels


Lifetime: 1820 - 1895 Passed: ≈ 128 years ago


German Philosopher, Economist, Historian, Political Theorist, Revolutionary Socialist.



Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels sometimes anglicised as Frederick Engels (28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895), was a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist and revolutionary socialist. He was also a businessman, journalist and political activist, whose father was an owner of large textile factories in Salford (Greater Manchester, England) and Barmen, Prussia (now Wuppertal, Germany).

Engels developed what is now known as Marxism together with Karl Marx. In 1845, he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in English cities. In 1848, Engels co-authored The Communist Manifesto with Marx and also authored and co-authored (primarily with Marx) many other works. Later, Engels supported Marx financially, allowing him to do research and write Das Kapital. After Marx's death, Engels edited the second and third volumes of Das Kapital. Additionally, Engels organised Marx's notes on the Theories of Surplus Value which were later published as the "fourth volume" of Das Kapital.[6][7] In 1884, he published The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State on the basis of Marx's ethnographic research.

On 5 August 1895, aged 74, Engels died of laryngeal cancer in London. Following cremation, his ashes were scattered off Beachy Head, near Eastbourne.

Books by Friedrich Engels

The Communist Manifesto Cover image

The Communist Manifesto

Philosophy Political Science Non-Fiction
Social criticism Social Class

The Communist Manifesto was conceived as an outline of the basic beliefs of the Communist movement. The authors believed that the European Powers were universally afraid of the nascent movement, and were condemning as "communist," people or activitie...

Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844 Cover image

Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844

Political Science Non-Fiction
Politics Sociology Economics

The Condition of the Working Class in England is an 1845 book by the German philosopher Friedrich Engels, a study of the industrial working class in Victorian England. Engels' first book, it was originally written in German as Die Lage der arbeitende...

Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany  Cover image

Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany

19th century Revolution Short Works Modern Germany

Revolution and Counter-Revolution is an account of what happened in Prussia, Austria and other German states during 1848, describing the impact on both middle-class and working-class aspirations and on the idea of German unification. Events in Austri...

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific  Cover image

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

Political Science Non-Fiction
Politics Ancient Political Dialectic Economic Socialism Relationships

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific is a short book first published in 1880 by German-born socialist Friedrich Engels. The work was primarily extracted from a longer polemic work published in 1878, Anti-Dühring. It first appeared in the French language...