Image of Stephen Smith


Lifetime: 1823 - 1922 Passed: ≈ 101 years ago


Surgeon, Pioneer


United States

Stephen Smith

George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, critic, and poet. His work is characterized by lucid prose, biting social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment to democratic socialism.

Early life

Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, British India, on June 25, 1903. He was the son of Richard Blair, a civil servant, and Ida Mabel Blair. Orwell was educated at Eton College, where he was a rebellious student. After graduating from Eton, Orwell joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. He served in Burma for five years, and he witnessed firsthand the brutality of British imperialism.

Return to England

Orwell returned to England in 1927 and began writing essays and novels. His first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, was published in 1933. The book is a memoir of Orwell's experiences as a tramp and a dishwasher in Paris and London.

Political activism

Orwell was a committed socialist, and he was active in the anti-fascist movement during the 1930s. He fought in the Spanish Civil War on the side of the Republicans, and he was wounded in battle. His experiences in Spain are recounted in his book Homage to Catalonia (1938).

World War II

During World War II, Orwell worked for the BBC's Eastern Service. He also wrote several essays and novels, including Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).

Death and legacy

Orwell died of tuberculosis on January 21, 1950, at the age of 46. He is remembered as one of the most important writers of the 20th century. His work continues to be read and studied by people all over the world.


Orwell was a staunch defender of individual liberty and democratic socialism. He believed that the government should play a role in protecting the rights of its citizens and ensuring that everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed. He was also a fierce critic of totalitarianism and the dangers of centralized power.

Notable works


Orwell's philosophy was shaped by his experiences in the British Empire, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II. He believed that the greatest threat to individual liberty and democracy was totalitarianism. He was also a critic of capitalism and the concentration of power in the hands of a few individuals.


Orwell is remembered as one of the most important writers of the 20th century. His work continues to be read and studied by people all over the world. He is a champion of individual liberty and democratic socialism, and his work is a warning against the dangers of totalitarianism.

Interesting facts

  • Orwell's real name was Eric Arthur Blair.
  • He was a keen amateur boxer.
  • He was a vegetarian.
  • He was a member of the BBC's Eastern Service during World War II.
  • He died of tuberculosis in 1950.


George Orwell was a complex and fascinating figure. He was a brilliant writer, a committed socialist, and a fierce critic of totalitarianism. His work continues to be relevant today, and it is a reminder of the importance of individual liberty and democratic socialism.

Books by Stephen Smith

The City That Was Cover image

The City That Was

Love Mystery Adventure Desert Travel Forest Legend Race

The City That Was is a mystery novel that will take you on a journey to a lost city. The year is 1876. A young woman named Elizabeth travels to the American Southwest with her husband, a doctor who has been hired to investigate a mysterious illness...