Image of Carl Lumholtz


Lifetime: 1851 - 1922 Passed: ≈ 101 years ago


Ethnographer, Explorer



Carl Lumholtz

Carl Lumholtz was a Norwegian explorer, ethnographer, and author who is widely known for his contributions to the field of anthropology and for his extensive travels to remote areas of the world. Born in Fåberg, Norway in 1851, Lumholtz had a passion for exploration and adventure from a young age.

Lumholtz was deeply committed to the principles of scientific inquiry and was a pioneer in the use of ethnographic research methods. He believed that the study of other cultures and societies could help people gain a deeper understanding of the human experience and promote cross-cultural understanding.

Lumholtz's most famous work is likely his book "Among Cannibals: An Account of Four Years' Travels in Australia and of Camp Life with the Aborigines of Queensland," which was published in 1889. The book chronicled Lumholtz's experiences living among indigenous Australian tribes and provided an unprecedented look into their way of life.

In addition to "Among Cannibals," Lumholtz authored several other notable books, including "Unknown Mexico" and "New Trails in Mexico," which detailed his travels and experiences among various indigenous tribes in Mexico.

Lumholtz's philosophy was one of scientific inquiry and a commitment to understanding the world around him through observation and research. He believed that the study of other cultures could provide valuable insights into human nature and help bridge gaps between different societies and peoples.

Lumholtz passed away in 1922 at the age of 71, but his contributions to the field of anthropology and exploration continue to be celebrated and studied today. He is remembered as a pioneer in the field of ethnography and for his groundbreaking work in documenting the lives and customs of indigenous peoples around the world.

One interesting fact about Lumholtz is that he was a close friend and correspondent of Theodore Roosevelt, who was himself an avid explorer and advocate for scientific inquiry. Roosevelt was reportedly so impressed by Lumholtz's work that he invited him to join an expedition to explore the Amazon rainforest in 1913.

In conclusion, Carl Lumholtz was a Norwegian explorer, ethnographer, and author who made significant contributions to the field of anthropology through his travels and writings. His commitment to scientific inquiry and understanding of other cultures continues to be an inspiration to researchers and explorers today. His books, including "Among Cannibals" and "Unknown Mexico," remain important sources of information on indigenous cultures and societies around the world.

Books by Carl Lumholtz

Among Cannibals Cover image

Among Cannibals

Reference work
Tradition Expedition Customs Life Religious Beliefs

It provides a first-hand account of Lumholtz's four-year expedition in Australia, where he lived among indigenous tribes and documented their customs, beliefs, and way of life. Originally published in 1889, "Among Cannibals" remains a significant wo...