Image of Robert Young


Lifetime: 1822 - 1888 Passed: ≈ 135 years ago


Biblical Scholar



Robert Young

Robert Young, LL.D was a Scottish publisher who was self-taught and proficient in various Oriental languages. He published several works, the best known being a Bible translation, commonly referred to as Young's Literal Translation, and his Bible concordance, The Analytical Concordance to the Bible.

Robert Young was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, the son of John Young a book-binder on Parliament Square on the Royal Mile. He served an apprenticeship in printing and simultaneously taught himself various oriental languages. He eventually joined the Free Church, and in 1847 he started his own business of printing and selling books, particularly of works related to Old Testament studies, with a shop at 5 North Bank Street off the Royal Mile.

For three years he was connected with Thomas Chalmers's Territorial church sabbath school in the West Port, Edinburgh. From 1856 to 1861 he was literary missionary and superintendent of the mission press at Surat; and during this time he added Gujarati to his acquirements. From 1864 to 1874 he conducted the ‘Missionary Institute;’ in 1867 he visited cities in the United States. In 1871 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Hebrew chair at the University of St Andrews. Most of his life was passed in Edinburgh, where he died at home, 14 Grange Terrace, on 14 October 1888.

He was married to Margaret Turnbull (1823-1887). They had three sons and four daughters.

He is buried in the north-east section of the Grange Cemetery.

Books by Robert Young

The Bible, Young's Literal Translation (YLT), Old Testament Cover image

The Bible, Young's Literal Translation (YLT), Old Testament

Non-Fiction Religion
Christianity Translation Old Testament

Young's Literal Translation is a translation of the Bible into English, published in 1862. The translation was made by Robert Young, compiler of Young's Analytical Concordance to the Bible and Concise Critical Comments on the New Testament. Young pro...

The Bible, Young's Literal Translation (YLT), New Testament Cover image

The Bible, Young's Literal Translation (YLT), New Testament

Non-Fiction Religion
Christianity Translation

This Bible version tries to stay as close to the original Hebrew and Greek texts as possible. As stated in the preface to the second edition, "If a translation gives a present tense when the original gives a past, or a past when it has a present; a p...