The History of England, from the Accession of James II - (Volume 1, Chapter 02)
'The History of England, from the Accession of James II - (Volume 1, Chapter 02)' Summary
In this chapter we see the restoration of the House of Stuart. The mood of the people sours toward the Roundheads, Army and, of course the Puritans. An examination of the character of Charles II. We see Charles attempting to recruit assistance from France so he can attain absolute monarchy and so emulate Lewis the Fourteenth, the French Sun King.
Macaulay's approach to writing the History was innovative for his period. He consciously fused the picturesque, dramatic style of classical historians such as Thucydides and Tacitus with the learned and factual approach of his 18th-century precursors such as Hume, following the plan laid out in his own 1828 "Essay on History".
The History is famous for its brilliant ringing prose and for its confident, sometimes dogmatic, emphasis on a progressive model of British history. According to this view, England threw off superstition, autocracy and confusion to create a balanced constitution and a forward-looking culture combined with freedom of belief and expression. This model of human progress has been called the Whig interpretation of history.
Thomas Babington Macaulay
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay was a British historian and Whig politician. He is considered primarily responsible for introducing the Western education system in India. He wrote extens...More on Thomas Babington Macaulay
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