Picture of Charlotte Brontë


Lifetime: 1816 - 1855 Passed: ≈ 169 years ago


Novelist, Poet, Governess



Charlotte Brontë

Charlotte Brontë (21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels became classics of English literature.

Brontë wrote her first known poem at the age of 13 in 1829, and was to go on to write more than 200 poems in the course of her life.Many of her poems were "published" in their homemade magazine Branwell's Blackwood's Magazine, and concerned the fictional Glass Town Confederacy.

The daughter of an Irish Anglican clergyman, Brontë was herself an Anglican. In a letter to her publisher, she claims to "love the Church of England. Her Ministers indeed, I do not regard as infallible personages, I have seen too much of them for that – but to the Establishment, with all her faults – the profane Athanasian Creed excluded – I am sincerely attached."

In a letter to Ellen Nussey she wrote:

If I could always live with you, and "daily" read the [B]ible with you, if your lips and mine could at the same time, drink the same draught from the same pure fountain of Mercy – I hope, I trust, I might one day become better, far better, than my evil wandering thoughts, my corrupt heart, cold to the spirit, and warm to the flesh will now permit me to be.

Brontë became pregnant soon after her wedding, but her health declined rapidly and, according to Gaskell, she was attacked by "sensations of perpetual nausea and ever-recurring faintness". She died, with her unborn child, on 31 March 1855, three weeks before her 39th birthday. Her death certificate gives the cause of death as tuberculosis, but biographers including Claire Harman and others suggest that she died from dehydration and malnourishment due to vomiting caused by severe morning sickness or hyperemesis gravidarum. Brontë was buried in the family vault in the Church of St Michael and All Angels at Haworth.

Books by Charlotte Brontë

Jane Eyre Cover image

Jane Eyre

Romance History Novel
Gothic Comics Biography Bildungsroman

This timeless novel highlights the abuse and neglect that the orphaned Jane Eyre faced while growing up. This story opens with Jane Eyre being shipped off to be cared for by her uncle Mr. Reed who lived at the Gateshead Hall. Her uncle was always k...

Villette Cover image


Romance Fiction Novel Biography
Independence Autobiography

Villette is an 1853 novel written by English author Charlotte Brontë. After an unspecified family disaster, the protagonist Lucy Snowe travels from her native England to the fictional French-speaking city of Villette to teach at a girls' school, wher...

Shirley Cover image


Fiction Novel
Family Love Independence Social

Shirley, A Tale is a social novel by the English novelist Charlotte Brontë, first published in 1849. It was Brontë's second published novel after Jane Eyre (originally published under Brontë's pseudonym Currer Bell). The novel is set in Yorkshire in...

The Professor Cover image

The Professor

Fiction Novel
Love Religion

The Professor, A Tale. was the first novel by Charlotte Brontë. It was written before Jane Eyre, but was rejected by many publishing houses. It was eventually published, posthumously, in 1857, with the approval of Charlotte Brontë's widower, Arthur B...

Life Cover image


LibriVox volunteers bring you 11 recordings of Life by Charlotte Brontë. This was the weekly poetry project for March 8th, 2009.

Parting Cover image


LibriVox volunteers bring you 15 recordings of Parting by Charlotte Brontë. This was the Weekly Poetry project for October 25th, 2009.

Jane Eyre, die Waise von Lowood Cover image

Jane Eyre, die Waise von Lowood

Jane Eyre. Eine Autobiographie (Originaltitel: Jane Eyre. An Autobiography), erstmals erschienen im Jahr 1847 unter dem Pseudonym Currer Bell, ist der erste veröffentlichte Roman der britischen Autorin Charlotte Brontë und ein Klassiker der viktorian...

Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell Cover image

Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell

The Bronte sisters, most famous for their novels, began their career with a slim volume of poetry, published under pseudonyms. It only sold two volumes, but inspired much interest in the identities of the unknown poets. This is a recording of the mor...

Emma: A Fragment of a Story Cover image

Emma: A Fragment of a Story

Miss Mabel Wilcox, the owner of a newly opened girl's boarding school, meets the wealthy Mr. Conway Fitzgibbon, who drops off his frail daughter to be educated there. When background checks are made, it is discovered that no well-to-do family by the...

Joanna Eyre Cover image

Joanna Eyre

Joanna Eyre é o mais famoso dos romances da escritora Charlote Bronte, um clássico da literatura inglesa, publicado em 1847. É o que se poderia chamar de “um romance gótico da era vitoriana”, com a saga de uma órfã pobre, maltratada pelos parentes qu...

Jane Eyre: An Autobiography Cover image

Jane Eyre: An Autobiography

Jane Eyre is an extraordinary orphan girl who is treated horribly by her aunt Mrs. Reed and her children. She is sent away to a girl’s boarding school called Lowood. She studies there for a total of six years and graduates to teach at the same school...

Evening Solace Cover image

Evening Solace

LibriVox volunteers bring you 16 recordings of Evening Solace by Charlotte Brontë. This was the Fortnightly Poetry project for March 24, 2024. ------ Charlotte Brontë was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who...