'The Iliad' Summary
The many characters of the Iliad are catalogued; the latter half of Book II, the "Catalogue of Ships", lists commanders and cohorts; battle scenes feature quickly slain minor characters.
The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί), Danaans (Δαναοί) or Argives (Ἀργεĩοι)
Agamemnon – King of Mycenae, leader of the Achaeans.
Menelaus – King of Sparta, husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon.
Achilles – Leader of the Myrmidons and King of Phthia, son of Peleus and divine Thetis, the foremost warrior.
Odysseus – King of Ithaca, Greek commander, the smartest warrior.
Nestor – King of Pylos and trusted advisor to Agamemnon, the wisest warrior.
Ajax the Great – King of Salamis, son of Telamon.
Diomedes – King of Argos, son of Tydeus.
Ajax the Lesser – Commander of the Locrians, son of Oileus.
Idomeneus – Commander of the Cretans.
Patroclus – Achilles' closest companion.
Neoptolemus – Leader of the Myrmidons after Achilles death, killer of Priam.
The Iliad is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer. Usually considered to have been written down circa t...
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