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Xenophon's Anabasis

By: Xenophon

Anabasis is the most famous work of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. It narrates the expedition of a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger to help him seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II, in 401 BC.

  • Cyrus makes preparations in order to take the throne from his brother.
  • Cyrus marches to take out the Pisidians and gains troops as he progresses through the provinces.
  • Word spreads that Cyrus might be moving against the king and the soldiers begin to question continuing onward.
  • Cyrus and his generals continue marching onward, now towards Babylon. Xenias and Pasion are seen as cowards for deserting Cyrus.
  • The soldiers face hardship with few provisions other than meat. Dissension arises after Clearchus has one of Menos's men flogged, which leads to escalating retaliation.
  • Orontas is put on trial for a treasonous plot against Cyrus.
  • Cyrus sizes up the situation for the coming battle against the king. Cyrus and his army pass safely through a trench constructed by the king.
  • The battle between Artaxerxes's royal army and Cyrus's army commences.
  • Xenophon describes a sort of eulogy after the death of Cyrus.
  • The king rallies his forces and attacks Cyrus's army again. Then Artaxerxes retreats to a mound where upon being confronted again by the Hellenes, he and his men retreat for the day.

Book Details

Language

English

Original Language

Published In

370 BC

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Author

Xenophon

Athens

Xenophon of Athens was an Athenian-born military leader, philosopher, and historian. At the age of 30, Xenophon was elected a commander of one of the biggest Greek mercenary armies, the Ten Thousand,...

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