Image of Lucy Maud Montgomery


Lifetime: 1874 - 1942 Passed: ≈ 82 years ago


Fiction writer



Lucy Maud Montgomery

Lucy Maud Montgomery  (November 30, 1874 – April 24, 1942), published as L. M. Montgomery, was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning in 1908 with Anne of Green Gables. The book was an immediate success. Anne Shirley, an orphaned girl, made Montgomery famous in her lifetime and gave her an international following.

The first novel was followed by a series of sequels with Anne as the central character. Montgomery went on to publish 20 novels as well as 530 short stories, 500 poems, and 30 essays. Most of the novels were set in Prince Edward Island, and locations within Canada's smallest province became a literary landmark and popular tourist site – namely Green Gables farm, the genesis of Prince Edward Island National Park. She was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1935.

Montgomery's work, diaries and letters have been read and studied by scholars and readers worldwide.

Montgomery's early life in Cavendish was very lonely. Despite having relatives nearby, much of her childhood was spent alone. She created imaginary friends and worlds to cope with her loneliness, and Montgomery credited this time of her life with developing her creativity. Montgomery's imaginary friends were named Katie Maurice and Lucy Gray who lived in the "fairy room" behind the bookcase in the drawing room. During a church service, Montgomery asked her aunt where her dead mother was, leading her to point upwards. Montgomery saw a trap door in the church's ceiling, which led her to wonder why the minister didn't just get a ladder to retrieve her mother up in the church's ceiling.

On April 24, 1942, Montgomery was found dead in her bed in her Toronto home. The primary cause of death recorded on her death certificate was coronary thrombosis. However, in September 2008, her granddaughter, Kate Macdonald Butler, revealed that Montgomery suffered from depression—possibly as a result of caring for her mentally ill husband for decades—and may have taken her own life through a drug overdose.

A note was found on Montgomery's bedside table which read, in part, "... I have lost my mind by spells and I do not dare think what I may do in those spells. May God forgive me and I hope everyone else will forgive me even if they cannot understand. My position is too awful to endure and nobody realizes it. What an end to a life in which I tried always to do my best."   An alternative explanation of this document is provided in Mary Henley Rubio's 2008 biography Lucy Maud Montgomery: The Gift of Wings, which suggests that Montgomery may have intended it as an entry in part of a journal now lost, rather than a suicide note.

Montgomery was buried at the Cavendish Community Cemetery in Cavendish following her wake in the Green Gables farmhouse and funeral in the Cavendish United Church (formerly Cavendish Presbyterian Church).

Books by Lucy Maud Montgomery

Anne of Green Gables Cover image

Anne of Green Gables

Fiction Novel
Children's Literature Bildungsroman

Montgomery’s literary classic recounts the exciting adventures undertaken by the fiery eleven-year-old Anne Shirley, an orphan girl accidentally adopted by middle aged siblings Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert. A coming-of-age novel, Anne of Green Gables...

Anne of the Island Cover image

Anne of the Island

Romance Fiction
Friend Young adult fiction Education

Anne of the Island is the third book in the Anne of Green Gables series following the adventures of its heroine Anne Shirley as she leaves for Redmond College in the busy city of Kingsport to study for her bachelor’s degree. The third installment in...

Anne of Avonlea Cover image

Anne of Avonlea

Fiction Novel
Children's Literature Domestic Fiction

Anne of Avonlea was published in 1909, immediately after the first book. It contains several of the characters present in the previous book, so readers get a feeling of comfortable continuity as they follow Anne in her new role as a student teacher....

Anne's House of Dreams Cover image

Anne's House of Dreams

Young adult fiction

Anne’s House of Dreams is the fifth book in the Anne of Green Gables series, which features the culmination of an epic love story. The installment chronicles the lives of Anne and Gilbert as they experience life as a newlywed couple and build the fou...

Chronicles of Avonlea Cover image

Chronicles of Avonlea

Fairy Tale
Village Short Stories

A collection of short stories first published in 1912, the book focuses on events occurring in the popular fictional village of Avonlea, which is notorious as the hometown of Anne Shirley. Comprised of 12 short stories, the Chronicles of Avonlea pres...

Rilla of Ingleside Cover image

Rilla of Ingleside

Fiction Novel
Marriage War Children's Literature

Rilla of Ingleside (1921) is the eighth of nine books in the Anne of Green Gables series by Lucy Maud Montgomery, but was the sixth "Anne" novel in publication order. This book draws the focus back onto a single character, Anne and Gilbert's youngest...

The Story Girl Cover image

The Story Girl

Fiction Novel
Family Children's novel Children's Literature

The Story Girl is a 1911 novel by Canadian author L. M. Montgomery. It narrates the adventures of a group of young cousins and their friends who live in a rural community on Prince Edward Island, Canada. In 1917, Montgomery opined that The Story Gi...

The Golden Road Cover image

The Golden Road

Fiction Novel
Children's Literature Childhood

The Golden Road is a 1913 novel by Canadian author L. M. Montgomery. In the sequel to The Story Girl Sara Stanley returns to join the King children in publishing their own local magazine to entertain the town of Carlisle.

Rainbow Valley Cover image

Rainbow Valley

Children's Literature Family Life

Rainbow Valley (1919) is the seventh book in the chronology of the Anne of Green Gables series by Lucy Maud Montgomery, although it was the fifth book published. While Anne Shirley was the main protagonist of the previous books, this novel focuses mo...

Further Chronicles of Avonlea Cover image

Further Chronicles of Avonlea

Short Story

Further Chronicles of Avonlea is a collection of short stories by L. M. Montgomery and is a sequel to Chronicles of Avonlea. Published in 1920, it includes a number of stories relating to the inhabitants of the fictional Canadian village of Avonlea a...

Kilmeny of the Orchard Cover image

Kilmeny of the Orchard

Romance Fiction Novel
Children's Literature Juvenile fiction

Kilmeny of the Orchard is a novel by Lucy Maud Montgomery.

Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1896 to 1901 Cover image

Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1896 to 1901

Romance Novel
Marine Short Story Poems Nautical Life General Fiction

Lucy Maud Montgomery was born at Clifton (now New London), Prince Edward Island, Canada, on November 30, 1874. She achieved international fame in her lifetime, putting Prince Edward Island and Canada on the world literary map. Best known for her "Ann...

Emily Climbs Cover image

Emily Climbs

Family Romantic Education Friendship Success Development

Emily Climbs is the second in a series of novels by Lucy Maud Montgomery. It was first published in 1925. While the legal battle with Montgomery's publishing company (L.C. Page) continued, Montgomery's husband Ewan MacDonald continued to suffer clini...

The Blue Castle Cover image

The Blue Castle

Young Mystery Adventure Self-Discovery Journey Passion Life

It tells the story of Valancy Stirling, a shy and timid young woman who feels trapped in her small-town life. When she receives a devastating medical diagnosis, Valancy decides to take control of her life and do the things she's always wanted to do....

Emily's Quest Cover image

Emily's Quest

Fiction Novel
Young adult fiction Self-Discovery Friendship Canadian Literature Ambition Imagination Inspirational

It is a captivating coming-of-age novel that follows the journey of Emily Starr as she navigates the challenges and joys of young adulthood. This book is the final installment in the Emily trilogy, which includes "Emily of New Moon" and "Emily Climbs...

The Alpine Path: The Story of My Career Cover image

The Alpine Path: The Story of My Career

Memoir Biography
Dream Autobiography Challenges Island Passion Responsibility Memory Imagination

Lucy Maud Montgomery, the beloved author of Anne of Green Gables, shares her journey to becoming a writer in her inspiring memoir, The Alpine Path. In this charming and insightful book, Montgomery recounts her childhood on Prince Edward Island, her...

Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909-1922 Cover image

Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909-1922

L.M. Montgomery was a Canadian author, best known for a series of novels that began with Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908. Once published, Anne of Green Gables was an immediate success. The central character, Anne, an orphaned girl, made Montg...

Winter Day Cover image

Winter Day

Montgomery's poem on winter is an analogy for life, symbolizing the three life stages of youth, adulthood and old age.

Harbour Dawn Cover image

Harbour Dawn

LibriVox volunteers bring you 11 readings of Harbour Dawn by L. M. Montgomery. This was the fortnightly poem for November 23 - December 7, 2014. - Summary by Rachel

Watchman and Other Poems Cover image

Watchman and Other Poems

While L. M. Montgomery is better known for her novels, such as Anne of Green Gables and Emily of New Moon, she also wrote hundreds of poems. Her love of beauty, nature, and the sea is evident in this, the only volume of her poetry published during he...

Emily of New Moon Cover image

Emily of New Moon

Emily Starr, ten years old and recently orphaned, moves in with her aunts and experiences the ups and downs of preteen life in a small town, including starting and ending friendships, boy drama, school and discovering her lifelong passion for writing...

Christmas With Lucy Maud Montgomery: A Selection Of Stories Cover image

Christmas With Lucy Maud Montgomery: A Selection Of Stories

This work is a selection of Christmas stories (or sometimes chapters) of Lucy Maud Montgomery from different sources and different times. The focus is widened a bit to include a few works about Thanksgiving Day and New Year’s Day. LMM was a prolific...

Uncollected Short Stories of L.M. Montgomery Cover image

Uncollected Short Stories of L.M. Montgomery

A compilation of 80 short stories by the author of "Anne of Green Gables" that were not previously published in a book or in one of Project Gutenberg's short stories collections for this author. The subjects range from children's stories, to romance,...

Emily Climbs, Version 2 Cover image

Emily Climbs, Version 2

“Emily Climbs” is the second book in a series by the author of "Anne of Green Gables." Emily Byrd Starr, an orphan living with her New Moon aunts, is destined to be a writer. When she is permitted to attend high school in Shrewsbury with her pals she...