Image of Miguel de Cervantes

Timeline

Lifetime: 1547 - 1616 Passed: ≈ 407 years ago

Title

Soldier, Tax collector

Country/Nationality

Spain
Wikipedia

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547  – 22 April 1616 ) was a Spanish writer widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language, and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists. He is best known for his novel Don Quixote, a work often cited as both the first modern novel and one of the pinnacles of world literature.

Much of his life was spent in poverty and obscurity, many of its details are disputed or unknown, and the bulk of his surviving work was produced in the three years preceding his death. Despite this, his influence and literary contribution are reflected by the fact that Spanish is often referred to as "the language of Cervantes".

In 1569, Cervantes was forced to leave Spain and moved to Rome, where he worked in the household of a cardinal. In 1570, he enlisted in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment, and was badly wounded at the Battle of Lepanto in October 1571. He served as a soldier until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates; after five years in captivity, he was ransomed, and returned to Madrid.

His first significant novel, titled La Galatea, was published in 1585, but he continued to work as a purchasing agent, then later a government tax collector. Part One of Don Quixote was published in 1605, Part Two in 1615. Other works include the 12 Novelas ejemplares (Exemplary Novels); a long poem, the Viaje del Parnaso (Journey to Parnassus); and Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses (Eight Plays and Eight Entr'actes). Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda (The Travails of Persiles and Sigismunda), was published posthumously in 1616.

Books by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

Don Quixote Vol. 01 Cover image

Don Quixote Vol. 01

Satire Novel
Social Class Parody Farce Sanity

The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha or just Don Quixote is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes. It was originally published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615. Considered a founding work of Western literature, it is often labelled "the fi...

Don Quixote Vol. 2 Cover image

Don Quixote Vol. 2

Satire Novel
Social Class Parody Farce

The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha or just Don Quixote is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes. It was originally published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615. Considered a founding work of Western literature, it is often labelled "the fi...

Don Quixote, Volume 2  Cover image

Don Quixote, Volume 2

Adventure Action
Progressive Influential Chivalrous Literature General Fiction Jewish

Don Quixote is an early novel written by Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. Cervantes created a fictional origin for the story in the character of the Morisco historian, Cide Hamete Benengeli, whom he claims to have hired to translate the s...

The Exemplary Novels of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra  Cover image

The Exemplary Novels of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

Fiction Humour Novel
Marriage Short Story Humorous Fiction General Fiction

Originally compiled by Cervantes himself in 1613 as a collection of "exemplary" stories, this translated version from 1881 brings these stories to the English reader. Included in the collection are twelve stories selected by Cervantes, including "A D...