Picture of Mark Twain

Timeline

Lifetime: 1835 - 1910 Passed: ≈ 113 years ago

Title

Writer, Humorist, Entrepreneur, Publisher, Lecturer

Country/Nationality

United States
Wikipedia

Mark Twain

Twain was fascinated with science and scientific inquiry. He developed a close and lasting friendship with Nikola Tesla, and the two spent much time together in Tesla's laboratory.

Twain patented three inventions, including an "Improvement in Adjustable and Detachable Straps for Garments" (to replace suspenders) and a history trivia game. Most commercially successful was a self-pasting scrapbook; a dried adhesive on the pages needed only to be moistened before use. Over 25,000 were sold.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist the United States has produced," and William Faulkner called him "the father of American literature". His novels include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), the latter often called "The Great American Novel".

Twain died on April 21, 1910, at the age of 74. He was buried in Elmira, New York.

Books by Mark Twain

Life on the Mississippi Cover image

Life on the Mississippi

Fiction Novel
Naturalistic Travels River

Starting with a humorous and informative history of the river, Life on the Mississippi by Mark Twain continues to describe piloting that waterway. In the same home-down style established by all of his more well known works, Twain paints a brightly-co...

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Cover image

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Satire Humour Novel
Children's Literature Robinsonade Guardianship Blood

Regarded as the pride and joy of American literature, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a picturesque novel depicting Huck’s epic journey from boyhood to manhood and the struggles he must face living in a corrupt society. The novel serves as a se...

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Cover image

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Satire Novel
Children's Literature Folk Romance

If ever there was a story written based unabashedly on adventure and trouble, this is it. There are treasure hunts and murderers on the run in this book that will keep you spellbound. Tom and his half-brother, Sid, lived with their aunt, Polly. Tom...

The Prince and the Pauper Cover image

The Prince and the Pauper

Fantasy Fiction Novel
Children's Literature Slums

A poor young boy from the slums of London watches a royal procession pass, with the youthful Prince of Wales riding at its head. He ventures too close and is caught and beaten by the Prince's guards. However, the young royal stops them and invites th...

1601: Conversation, as it was by the Social Fireside, in the Time of the Tudors Cover image

1601: Conversation, as it was by the Social Fireside, in the Time of the Tudors

Fiction Humour
Sex Masturbation Flatulence Humor Scatological Erotica

[Date: 1601.] Conversation, as it was by the Social Fireside, in the Time of the Tudors. or simply 1601 is the title of a short risqué squib by Mark Twain, first published anonymously in 1880, and finally acknowledged by the author in 1906. Written...

Chapters from my Autobiography Cover image

Chapters from my Autobiography

Humour Non-Fiction Biography
Autobiography

The Autobiography of Mark Twain refers to a lengthy set of reminiscences, dictated, for the most part, in the last few years of American author Mark Twain's life and left in typescript and manuscript at his death. The Autobiography comprises a ramb...

The Innocents Abroad Cover image

The Innocents Abroad

Fantasy Travel
Guide Heritage

The Innocents Abroad, or The New Pilgrims' Progress is a travel book by American author Mark Twain. Published in 1869, it humorously chronicles what Twain called his "Great Pleasure Excursion" on board the chartered vessel Quaker City (formerly USS Q...

Roughing It Cover image

Roughing It

Travel Biography
Personal Enhancement Learning Growth

Roughing It is a book of semi-autobiographical travel literature by Mark Twain. It was written in 1870–71 and published in 1872, as a prequel to his first travel book The Innocents Abroad (1869). Roughing It is dedicated to Twain's mining companion C...

The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories Cover image

The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories

Fiction Humour
Short Stories

The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories (1906) is a collection of thirty comic short stories by the American humorist and writer Mark Twain. The stories contained span the course of his career, from "Advice to Young Girls" in 1865 to the titular tale i...

A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court Cover image

A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court

Satire Humour Science Fiction Novel
Time Travel Alternate History

A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court is an 1889 novel by American humourist and writer Mark Twain. The book was originally titled A Yankee in King Arthur's Court. Some early editions are titled A Yankee at the Court of King Arthur. In the boo...

A Dog's Tale Cover image

A Dog's Tale

Fiction Fairy Tale
Short Story

"A Dog's Tale" is a short story written by Mark Twain. It first appeared in the December 1903 issue of Harper's Magazine. In January of the following year it was extracted into a stand-alone pamphlet published for the National Anti-Vivisection Societ...

Extracts from Adam's Diary Cover image

Extracts from Adam's Diary

Humour
Short Works

"Extracts from Adam's Diary: Translated from the Original Ms." is a comic short story by the American humorist and writer Mark Twain. It was first published as a book in 1904, by Harper & Bros. with numerous illustrations by Frederick Strothmann. The...

The Stolen White Elephant Cover image

The Stolen White Elephant

Crime Humour
Mystery Short Stories

"The Stolen White Elephant" is a short story written by Mark Twain and published in 1882 by James R. Osgood. In this detective mystery, a Siamese white elephant, en route from Siam to Britain as a gift to the Queen, disappears in New Jersey. The loca...

Eve's Diary Cover image

Eve's Diary

Fiction Humour
Short Story Life

"Eve's Diary" is a comic short story by Mark Twain. It was first published in the 1905 Christmas issue of the magazine Harper's Bazaar, in book format as one contribution to a volume entitled "Their Husband's Wives" and then in June 1906 as a standal...

The Mysterious Stranger Cover image

The Mysterious Stranger

Horror Novel
Short Story Supernatural Life

The Mysterious Stranger is a novel attempted by the American author Mark Twain. He worked on it intermittently from 1897 through 1908. Twain wrote multiple versions of the story; each involves a supernatural character called "Satan" or "No. 44". All...

The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson Cover image

The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson

Satire Humour
Race Political Corruption

Pudd'nhead Wilson (1894) is a novel by American writer Mark Twain. Its central intrigue revolves around two boys—one, born into slavery, with 1/32 black ancestry; the other, white, born to be the master of the house. The two boys, who look similar, a...

The Awful German Language Cover image

The Awful German Language

Essays
Language Learning Culture

"The Awful German Language" is an 1880 essay by Mark Twain published as Appendix D in A Tramp Abroad. The essay is a humorous exploration of the frustrations a native speaker of English has with learning German as a second language.

The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County Cover image

The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County

Fiction Humour
Short Story Deceit

"The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is an 1865 short story by Mark Twain. It was his first great success as a writer and brought him national attention. The story has also been published as "Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog" (its origina...

Alonso Fitz and Other Stories Cover image

Alonso Fitz and Other Stories

Fiction Humour
Family Language Short Stories Lying

A collection of Twain short stories including: The Loves Of Alonzo Fitz Clarence And Rosannah Ethelton On The Decay Of The Art Of Lying About Magnanimous-Incident Literature The Grateful Poodle The Benevolent Author The Grateful Husband Punch, Brothe...

The Letters of Mark Twain, Complete Cover image

The Letters of Mark Twain, Complete

Non-Fiction
Short Works Letters

These letters were arranged in two volumes by Albert Bigelow Paine, Samuel L. Clemens's literary executor, as a supplement to Mark Twain, A Biography, which Paine wrote. They are, for the most part, every letter written by Clemens known to exist at t...

How to Tell a Story, and Other Essays Cover image

How to Tell a Story, and Other Essays

Fiction Essays
Essay Historical Fiction Philosophical Short Works Writing Storytelling

How to Tell a Story and Other Essays is a series of essays by Mark Twain. In them, he describes his own writing style, attacks the idiocy of a fellow author, defends the virtue of a dead woman, and tries to protect ordinary citizens from insults by r...

Extract from Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven  Cover image

Extract from Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven

Fiction Humour
Death Short Stories Journey Humorous Fiction America Earth United States Fantastic Fiction

The story follows Captain Elias Stormfield on his decades long cosmic journey to Heaven; his accidental misplacement after racing a comet; his short-lived interest in singing and playing the harp (generated by his preconceptions of heaven); and the g...

Sketches New and Old  Cover image

Sketches New and Old

Fiction Humour
Short Stories Ghost Story Humorous Fiction Sketches French

This collection of 63 writings by Mark Twain was published in 1875. Among other sketches, it contains "The Jumping Frog" in the original English, followed by a French translation (read here by Caroline Mittler) which Twain re-translated into English,...

The American Claimant  Cover image

The American Claimant

Fiction History
Comedy Historical Fiction Humorous Fiction America Aristocracy Historical United States General Fiction

The American Claimant is a comedy of mistaken identities and multiple role switches. Its cast of characters include an American enamored of British hereditary aristocracy and a British earl entranced by American democracy.

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