Image of Titus Maccius Plautus


Lifetime: 254 BCE - 184 BCE Passed: ≈ 2207 years ago





Titus Maccius Plautus

Titus Maccius Plautus commonly known as Plautus, was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period. His comedies are the earliest Latin literary works to have survived in their entirety. He wrote Palliata comoedia, the genre devised by the innovator of Latin literature, Livius Andronicus. The word Plautine /ˈplɔːtaɪn/ refers to both Plautus's own works and works similar to or influenced by his.

Not much is known about Titus Maccius Plautus' early life. It is believed that he was born in Sarsina, a small town in Emilia Romagna in northern Italy, around 254 BC. According to Morris Marples, Plautus worked as a stage-carpenter or scene-shifter in his early years. It is from this work, perhaps, that his love of the theater originated. His acting talent was eventually discovered; and he adopted the names "Maccius" (a clownish stock-character in popular farces) and "Plautus" (a term meaning either "flat-footed" or "flat-eared", like the ears of a hound). Tradition holds that he made enough money to go into the nautical business, but that the venture collapsed. He is then said to have worked as a manual laborer and to have studied Greek drama—particularly the New Comedy of Menander—in his leisure. His studies allowed him to produce his plays, which were released between c. 205 and 184 BC. Plautus attained such a popularity that his name alone became a hallmark of theatrical success.

Books by Titus Maccius Plautus

Miles Gloriosus; The Braggart Captain Cover image

Miles Gloriosus; The Braggart Captain

Family Play Escape Faith Fun

Pleusicles loves Philocomasium, but she is kidnapped by Pyrgopolinices. Palaestrio, faithful servant to Pleusicles, witnesses this and goes to tell his master, but is captured by Pirates and ends up a servant to Pyrgopolinices as well. Palaestrio sti...

Bacchides: or, The Twin Sisters Cover image

Bacchides: or, The Twin Sisters

Play Love Money Success Classics Antiquity

Twin sisters, separated at birth to different lands. Later, Mnesilochus falls in love with one of them, only to see his friend Pistoclerus apparently with her. Great complications abound. Eventually all is explained and everyone joins together to car...

Stichus; or, The Parasite Rebuffed Cover image

Stichus; or, The Parasite Rebuffed

Marriage Comics Fortune Classics Antiquity Wealth

"Antipho, a wealthy and jovial old gentleman of Athens, has two daughters, Pilumena and Pamphila. They are married to two brothers, Epignomus and Pamphilus, who, having run through their property in the company of idlers and Parasites, have, with the...

Menaechmi; or, The Twin Brothers Cover image

Menaechmi; or, The Twin Brothers

Play Travels Comics Act Classics Antiquity

The story revolves around twin brothers who were separated at birth and raised in different cities. One of the brothers, Menaechmus, travels to the city where his brother is living and is mistaken for his twin. This leads to a series of mistaken iden...

Aulularia; or, The Concealed Treasure Cover image

Aulularia; or, The Concealed Treasure

Treasure Satire Obsession Greed Gold Wealth Misery

The play is set in Athens and revolves around a miserly old man named Euclio who has discovered a large pot of gold buried in his house. The play follows Euclio's attempts to keep the treasure hidden from his greedy neighbors and relatives. The play...

Asinaria; or, The Ass-Dealer Cover image

Asinaria; or, The Ass-Dealer

Comedy Drama
Play Ancient Deception Humorous Fiction Greed Classics Theatre

In the lively and comedic play "Asinaria; or, The Ass-Dealer" by Titus Maccius Plautus, ancient Athens becomes the backdrop for a tale of greed, love, and mistaken identities. Meet Euclio, a poor old man who stumbles upon a fortune in gold, setting o...

Curculio; or, The Forgery Cover image

Curculio; or, The Forgery

Comedy Drama
Play Love Ancient Witty Humorous Fiction Greed Ambition Classic Literature Theatre

Step into the lively streets of ancient Athens and experience a world of comedic chaos, cunning schemes, and mistaken identities in "Curculio; or, The Forgery" by Titus Maccius Plautus. A treasure hunt ensnares an unlikely cast of characters, led by...